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Laparoscopic Hysterectomy

Laparoscopic hysterectomy is a relatively new surgical procedure. One advantage of laparoscopic hysterectomy is that the incisions are smaller (1/2 inch) and much less uncomfortable than that of abdominal hysterectomy. Also, the hospital stay of 1 day and the ability to resume normal activity in about 2 weeks are substantially shorter than for abdominal hysterectomy and slightly shorter than for vaginal hysterectomy.

For patients who have known or suspected pelvic scar tissue or endometriosis, laparoscopic surgery allows the surgeon to remove the diseased tissue with the laparoscope before performing a vaginal hysterectomy, thereby reducing the risk that the intestines or bladder might be injured during surgery. For patients who have fibroids that are large and might otherwise be difficult to remove by vaginal hysterectomy, laparoscopic hysterectomy allows the surgeon to detach the blood vessels to the uterus while viewing them through the laparoscope. Then, the uterus can be removed through the vagina more easily and with less blood loss.

Surgery

A Laparoscopic hysterectomy allows the uterus to be detached from inside the body by laparoscopic instruments while the doctor is viewing the uterus, tubes, and ovaries through a camera attached to a telescope. After the uterus is detached, it is removed through a small incision at the top of the vagina.


Reasons

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  • Cancer or pre-cancer of the uterus
  • Endometriosis
  • Pelvic mass, infection, cancer or pre-cancer of the ovaries
  • Pre-cancer and cancer of the cervix
  • Fibroids of the Uterus
  • Pelvic pain or pressure
  • Pain before or during periods
  • Pain during sex
  • Infection of the uterus, tubes or ovaries
 
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